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Half of US teens ”meet criteria for mental disorder”. În jur de jumătate din adolescenții din SUA se încadrează în criteriile care definesc o tulburare mintală

Reproduc articolul :”Epidemic? Half of US teens ‘meet criteria for mental disorder’”:

   WASHINGTON – In jur de jumatate din adolescentii din SUA indeplinesc criteriile pentru o tulburare mintala si aproape unul din patru raporteaza stari de indispozitie, tulburari de comportament si anexietate care interfereaza cu viata de zi cu zi, spun cercetatorii americani.

   Cincizeci si unu la suta din baieti si patruzeci si unu la suta din fetele de varsta 13-19 ani au stari de indispozitie, tulburari de comportament, anexietate ori sunt dependenti de substante, potrivit studiului publicat in Jurnalul Oficial al Academiei Americane de Psihiatrie a Copilului si Adolescentului.

   La 22.2 % din adolescenti, tulburarile au fost atat de severe incat au afectat activitatile lor zilnice si au cauzat mari suferinte, spune studiul condus de Kathleen Merikangas de la Institutul National de Sanatate Mintala. (NIMH)

   „Prevalenta tulburarilor severe emotionale si de comportament este chiar mai mare decat cele mai frecvente si majore conditii fizice in adolescenta, inclusiv astm sau diabet’’, spune studiul

   Problemele mintale nu primesc aceeasi atentie din partea autoritatile de sanatate publica, desi ele costa familiile americane aproximativ un sfert de trilion de dolari pe an, potrivit studiului.

   Aproximativ 9% din toti copiii din SUA au astm si mai putin de un sfert de procent din toate persoanele sub 20 de ani au diabet, conform Centrelor pentru Controlul si Prevenirea Bolilor (CDC).

   Merikangas si o echipa de cercetatori au analizat date din Studiul National Comorbiditatea-Suplimentul Adolescentului, care a sondat mai mult de 10,000 de adolescenti americani.

   Studiul este primul care urmareste prevalenta unei game largi de tulburari mintale intr-un esantion reprezentativ la nivel national a adolescentilor din SUA.

   Ei au descoperit ca aproape o treime din adolescenti indeplinesc criteriile pentru cele mai comune tulburari mintale in randul tinerilor din SUA, tulburari de anxietate, care includ fobie sociala si atacuri de panica.

   Acest tip de tulburare deasemenea a avut cea mai timpurie varsta mediana de debut, aparand la copii atat de mici, de sase ani.

   Tulburari de comportament, inclusiv tulburare de hiperactivitate cu deficit de atentie au fost cele mai comune stari (19.1 %), urmand tulburarile de dispozitie (14,3 %), cum ar fi depresia.

Epidemic? Half of US teens ‘meet criteria for mental disorder’

By Agence France-Presse
Thursday, October 14th, 2010 Epidemic? Half of US teens meet criteria for mental disorder

WASHINGTON — Around half of US teens meet the criteria for a mental disorder and nearly one in four report having a mood, behavior or anxiety disorder that interferes with daily life, American researchers say.Fifty-one percent of boys and 49 percent of girls aged 13-19 have a mood, behavior, anxiety or substance use disorder, according to the study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.In 22.2 percent of teens, the disorder was so severe it impaired their daily activities and caused great distress, says the study led by Kathleen Merikangas of the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH).”The prevalence of severe emotional and behavior disorders is even higher than the most frequent major physical conditions in adolescence, including asthma or diabetes,” the study says.Mental problems do not get the same attention from public health authorities even though they cost US families around a quarter of a trillion dollars a year, according to the study.

Around nine percent of all US children have asthma and less than a quarter of one percent of all people under the age of 20 have diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Merikangas and a team of researchers analyzed data from the National Comorbidity Study-Adolescent Supplement, which surveyed more than 10,000 US teens.

The study is the first to track the prevalence of a broad range of mental disorders in a nationally representative sample of US teens.

They found that nearly a third of the teens met the criteria for the most common mental disorder among US youth, anxiety disorders, which include social phobia and panic „attacks”.

This class of disorder also had the earliest median onset age, occurring in children as young as six years old.

Behavior disorders, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, were the next most common condition (19.1 percent), followed by mood disorders (14.3 percent) such as depression.

Eleven percent of teens with a mood disorder, 10 percent with behavior disorders and eight percent who had anxiety disorders, especially social phobics, met the criteria for severe impairment, meaning their condition affected their day-to-day life and caused them great distress.

Teen mental disorder rates mirror those seen in adults, suggesting that most adults develop a mental disorder before adulthood, say the researchers, calling for earlier intervention and prevention, and more research to determine what the risk factors are for mental disorders in youth

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18/10/2010 Posted by | PRESA INTERNATIONALA | , , , , , , | Un comentariu

   

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