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Rusii au mai multi tamaduitori,vraci,vrajitori,samani si ocultisti decat medici.Russia has ‘more occult healers than doctors’

 

Rusii au mai multi tamaduitori,vraci,vrajitori,samani si ocultisti decat medici.

Conform datelor remise de Organizatia Mondiala a Sanatatii, in prezent, in Rusia activeaza circa 800.000 de vrajitori, vraci, tamaduitori si adepti ai medicinii traditionale si naturiste, cu mult peste numarul cadrelor medicale din aceeasi tara.

Datele obtinute de OMS coincid cu informatiile detinute de Academia Rusa de Stiinte, conform carora doar 640.000 de medici mai activeaza in spitalele si policlinicile din Federatia Rusa. Ziarele ruse sunt pline de anunturi si reclame ale cabinetelor detinute de adeptii medicinii neconventionale, iar numarul site-urilor web detinute de acestia creste de la o luna la alta. 

Cu toate ca autoritatile au avertizat populatia, insistand ca o buna parte a acestor vraci si tamaduitori nu sunt altceva decat niste sarlatani care dau sfaturi periculoase si iresponsabile, analistii rusi ai fenomenului sustin ca, in lipsa cadrului legislativ, intreaga „industrie a medicinii babesti” s-ar muta confortabil in economia subterana, cabinetele scapand impozitarii.

Din aceasta cauza, cu toate ca formal condamna fenomenul, aceleasi autoritatile ruse sunt interesate sa continue sa elibereze diplome si permise „pe banda rulanta”, pentru noii vraci care apar peste noapte. Medicina traditionala si vindecarile prin intermediul practicilor „ezoterice si paranormale” au luat avant inca din anul 1980, cand cetatenii sovietici au intrat in contact cu metodele si notiunule prezentate publicului larg de catre persoane cu capacitati paranormale de calibru, precum Anatoli Kashpirovskhi, Nina Kulaghina si Alan Ciumac.

Russia has ‘more occult healers than doctors’

There are more occult healers in Russia than professional doctors, a leading Russian psychologist said on Monday.

“According to World Health Organization data, there are some 800,000 sorcerers and wizards in Russia,” Andrei Yurevich from the Russian Academy of Sciences told a RIA Novosti news conference.

“As for professional doctors, there are around 640,000,” he added.

Russian newspapers are full of ads for all manner of urban witches and wizards, and an Internet search for Magicheskie Uslugi (Magical Services) brings up a vast number of websites offering to satisfy every conceivable human desire – for a price.

A survey carried out by the Levada independent polling agency in August discovered that one fifth of Russians have made use of such services.

Although the authorities have recently moved to crack down on occult advertising, analysts say the entire industry would simply move underground if outlawed.

However, the law would still allow licensed healers to stay in business.

Since 2008, the Federal Scientific Clinical Center for Traditional Methods of Diagnostics and Healing has been issuing permits to practitioners of what it calls “traditional medicine” – an extremely broad definition that includes both folk medicine and psychic healers.

The late 1980s saw an explosion of belief in the paranormal and the occult in the Soviet Union, with psychic healers Anatoly Kashpirovsky and Allan Chumak drawing audiences of millions.

MOSCOW, November 1 (RIA Novosti)

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Moldova înainte de alegeri.Moldova before the elections.

Harta Republicii Moldova 

Moldova înainte de alegeri

În Moldova  vor avea loc pe 28 noiembrie , pentru a treia oară în mai puţin de doi ani ,alegeri. În 2009, alegerile parlamentare au avut loc în aprilie, şi din nou în iulie, după protestele violente ale opoziţiei.

Fosta republică sovietică Moldova, care se învecinează cu Ucraina la est şi cu România, stat membru al Uniunii Europene,  la vest, a fost instabilă politic încă in momentul declarării  independenţei pe care și-a proclamat-o cu 19 ani în urmă.

 Regiunea de est – Transnistria s-a desprins de Republica Moldova acum douazeci de ani, în urma unui un război civil declanșat la scurt timp după prăbuşirea URSS fiind până în prezent o sursă de tensiuni internaționale. Deşi nu este recunoscută pe plan internaţional,aceasta regiune separatistă formează un stat independent de facto, aliniat la Rusia.

În partea de vest, România contestă frontiera cu Moldova ,guvernul de la Bucureşti  refuzând pâna acum sa semneze un tratat de frontieră. Acest lucru a fost justificat prin aceea că actuala frontieră este un rezultat al pactului Hitler-Stalin din 1939, care a separat actuala R. Moldova de România.

Politică internă a Moldovei este  dominată de ciocnirea forţelor pro-ruse şi a celor pro-româneşti, deşi graniţele dintre tabere sunt neclare si în continuă schimbare.

Cea mai puternică forţă politică actuală este Partidul Comuniştilor (PCRM),cea  care a format guvernul între anii 2001-2009 sub conducerea Preşedintelui Vladimir Voronin. Când Partidul Comunist a câştigat din nou alegerile din aprilie 2009, opoziţia l-a acuzat de fraudă şi a mobilizat mii de manifestanţi în mare parte tineri, ajungându-se la ciocniri violente cu poliţia.

 Voronin a plecat la presiunea  opoziţiei şi au avut loc noi alegeri în luna iulie,pe  care comuniștii le-au pierdut. S-a format  o coaliţie de patru  partide cu orientare pro- Vest,care nu a dispus de majoritatea necesară alegerii presedintelui..

De aceea a fost numit președinte interimar liberalul  Mihai Ghimpu ,pentru că alegerea unui preşedinte  necesită potrivit Constituției voturile de 61 din 101 deputaţi, lucru care nu a putut fi îndeplinit  din cauza opoziţiei  Partidului Comunist.

La începutul lunii septembrie 2010, alianţa guvernamentală a încercat să depăşească impasul printr-un amendament constituţional care să permită oamenilor să aleagă şeful statului prin vot  direct. Dar referendumul cu privire la amendamentul constituţional a eşuat din cauza lipsei de participare la vot după ce  Partidul Comunist a chemat la boicotarea referendumului.

Voronin şi Partidul Comunist sunt favoriti în alegerile de acum, deşi sprijinul care li se acordă lor este in declin.

În ciuda legăturilor strânse cu Moscova,Voronin a încercat de asemenea să contacteze și  Uniunea Europeană, fapt privit cu scepticismde populaţie.

Punctul forte al Partidului Comunist se datorează în principal slăbiciunii partidelor de opoziţie care reprezintă acea categorie de oameni de afaceri  şi a antreprenorilor care spera sa beneficieze de legături strânse cu România şi UE.

În plus, forţele pro-occidentale din „Alianţa pentru integrarea europeană” sunt împărţite și lipsite de coeziune.

La sfârşitul lunii iulie 2010, guvernul acumulat datorii suplimentare de 18 miliarde de Lei (1,1 miliarde euro),ceea ce reprezintă cu 36 la sută mai mult ,decât în aceeasi perioada a anului trecut. Produsul intern brut pe cap de locuitor este de 539 dolari, doar 1 / 50 din nivelul înregistrat în Germania.

Şomajul şi inflaţia sunt în creştere rapidă. Preţurile la alimente şi energie au crescut timp de doi ani. În luna iulie 2010, preţurile la alimente au fost de 1,4 la suta mai mari decât în decembrie 2009, preţul  serviciilor au fost 9,3 la sută mai mari, la energie electrică cu 20,4 la sută, iar pentru încălzire cu 25,3 la sută şi cu 26,2 la sută mai mari la gaze.

Moldova before the elections

The Moldovan elections to be held on November 28 are the third elections in less than two years. In 2009, parliamentary elections were held in April, and again in July after violent protests by the opposition. Since then, it has proved impossible for the election winners, a pro-European four-party alliance, to elect a head of state and form an effective and stable government.

The former Soviet republic of Moldova, which borders Ukraine to the east and European Union (EU) member state Romania to the west, has been politically unstable ever since independence 19 years ago.

It is a source of international tensions. The eastern region of Transnistria split off from Moldova twenty years ago, in a civil war shortly after the collapse of the USSR. Although not internationally recognized, it forms a de facto independent state aligned with Russia.

In the west, Romania is disputing the Moldovan border, and the government in Bucharest has so far refused to sign a border treaty. This was justified by saying that the current border is a result of the Hitler-Stalin pact of 1939, which separated parts of today’s Moldova from Romania.

Domestic politics are dominated by the clash of pro-Russian and pro-Romanian forces, though the boundaries between the camps are blurred and constantly changing.

The strongest force is the Communist Party (PCRM), which formed the government between 2001-2009 under President Vladimir Voronin. When the Communist Party once again clearly won the election of April 2009, the opposition accused it of fraud and mobilized thousands of mostly young demonstrators, who were led by far-right groups. This led to violent clashes with the police.

Although international observers described the elections as fair, Voronin bowed to pressure from the opposition and agreed to new elections in July, which he lost. Although the Communist Party was again the strongest force in parliament, it did not possess a majority and had to cede the government to a coalition of four radical free-market, Western-oriented parties.

They formed the government and proposed that parliamentary speaker Mihai Ghimpu become president pro tem. The choice of a regular president requires the votes of 61 out of 101 deputies, and failed due to opposition from the Communist Party.

At the beginning of September 2010, the government alliance attempted to overcome the stalemate through a constitutional amendment allowing the people to elect the head of state directly. But the referendum on the constitutional amendment failed because of a lack of voter participation. The Communist Party had called for a boycott of the referendum.

Voronin and the Communist Party are favourites in the elections now taking place, although their support is dwindling. In eight years of rule they pushed through harsh attacks on the impoverished population. Despite strong ties to Moscow, Voronin has also sought contact with the European Union, which is regarded with skepticism in the general population.

The strength of the Communist Party is mainly due to the weakness of the radical free-market opposition parties, which have no significant popular support. They represent that narrow class of businessmen and entrepreneurs who hope to benefit by close ties to Romania and the EU.

Moreover, the pro-Western forces of the “Alliance for European integration” are hopelessly divided.

Marian Lupu’s Democratic Party (PDM) has undergone a sharp political turn in the last few weeks. Lupu has several times visited Moscow, which exerts considerable influence in Moldova. That is taken as a sign that he could form an alliance with Voronin again. Lupu, who previously worked for the International Monetary Fund, resigned from the Communist Party last year.

In June there had been a rift between Lupu and his previous partner, Mihai Ghimpu of the Liberal Party (PL). While acting as temporary head of state, Ghimpu named June 28 the “Day of the Soviet Occupation and Remembrance for the Victims of Communism,” without consultation with other government parties.

Ghimpu is one of the most right-wing politicians in Moldova. At the end of the 1980s, he formed the “Popular Front”, which appealed to anti-communism and nationalism in an attempt to force a unification with Romania.

The Liberal Democrats (PLDM) of Prime Minister Vlad Filat are also oriented more strongly to Moscow. Filat has begun talks with the (not officially recognised) government in Transnistria, which pro-Romanian forces regard as an affront.

Sections of the ruling elite appear to be relying on resolving the Transnistrian conflict with the help of the Communist Party and Moscow. The conflict arose in 1989 when the so-called “Popular Front” tried to secede from the Soviet Union. This was opposed by industrial workers from the east of the country. After a general strike in the summer of 1989, a large majority voted in a referendum for an independent “Soviet Republic of Transnistria”.

After Moldova also declared its independence from the Soviet Union in the summer of 1990, it tried to re-incorporate the breakaway republic by force. By the spring of 1992, the conflict had escalated into a civil war, which cost around a thousand lives. Transnistria remained independent, with the help of Russian troops stationed in Tiraspol.

Even if there are significant conflicts between the various political forces in Moldova over the country’s foreign policy, they are largely united in domestic politics. Both the Communist Party as well as the various “democratic” parties want to implement further austerity measures and privatization in response to the massive economic crisis. This will only intensify the misery in Moldova, which is already Europe’s poorest country.

At the end of July 2010 the government incurred further debts of 18 billion Leu (1.1 billion euros). That is 36 percent more than at the same time last year. Gross domestic product per capita is $539, just one fiftieth of the level in Germany.

Unemployment and inflation are rising rapidly. Food and energy prices have been rising for two years. In July 2010, food prices were 1.4 per cent higher than in December 2009, the price of services were 9.3 percent higher, that of electricity 20.4 percent, for heating 25.3 percent and gas 26.2 percent higher. Economic output declined slightly over the previous year.

Published by the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI)

 October 29, 2010

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