Cuvant despre noi, romanii



Foto:0.tqn.com/d/cruises Hermitage

Muzeul Ermitaj, unul dintre cele mai mari din lume, a fost infiintat (ca o colectie de arta) de catre imparateasa Ecaterina cea Mare, in 1764, si deschis publicului in 1852. Patrimoniul sau cuprinde aproximativ 3 milioane de piese (antichitati, tablouri, sculpturi, bijuterii, arta decorativa), dintre care cca. 60.000 sunt expuse permanent, in 6 cladiri care alcatuiesc monumentalul complex muzeal.

Inca de pe vremea imparatesei Ecaterina cea Mare, subsolurile muzeului au fost populate cu pisici ,cu scopul de a combate inmultirea roztoarelor care puteau aduce mari daune operelor de arta.

Populatia de pisici traieste de secole in subsolurile muzeului, supravietuind tarismului , comunismului si acum capitalismului  rus.

In celebrul muzeu de arta din Sankt Petersburg traiesc acum cca. 50 de pisici.

Felinele au trăit în beciurile muzeului de secole.

Tatiana Danilova conduce un grup de credincioşi a căror sarcină este să se asigure intretinerea lor.

Ea insistă ei nu au nici o pisicuta favorita: „Atunci cand o pisica se îmbolnăveşte , atunci e acesta devine cea mai iubita de noi.

Cat at Hermitage Gallery, St Petersburg

O pisică a fost găsit de către constructori, grav rănit şi foame în frig.

El sta acum maiestuos în patul său- tron, raspunzand la numele de „Viconte”.

„Cred ca acest lucru este în natura noastră de rusi – iubim pe cei care sunt mai nefericiti.”

Astazi, cand deratizarea se face cu ajutorul substantelor toxice, pisicile muzeului nu prea mai au cu cine sa se lupte, dar continua sa se bucure de dragostea iubitorilor de animale  din oras si de ingrijire din partea personalului muzeului, intretinerea lor fiind asigurata exclusiv din donatii caritabile.

St Petersburg’s famous museum, known for the world’s most admired art collection, is also home to some surprising residents.

The splendid and revered Hermitage Gallery is a must-see for any tourist visiting the city.

Once the home of Catherine the Great, the museum has always been home to a great number of cats.

A lesser known fact is that felines have inhabited the cosy cellars for centuries – surviving Tsars and Communists.

Initially they were brought in to protect the masterpieces from being ravaged by vermin.

But now with poison to do that job the cats have a rather more relaxed lifestyle, safely removed from the cold and often hazardous city life.

If it was not for the Hermitage the 50 cats would be on the street and in consistently sub-zero temperatures, inhabiting your own palace is certainly the preferred choice.

One cat was found by builders, badly injured and starving in the freezing cold.

Felines have lived in the museum’s cellars for centuries

Tatiana Danilova leads a group of devotees whose job it is to ensure the moggies are kept in the lap of luxury.

She insists they have no favourites: „When a cat gets sick, especially seriously sick, it becomes the most loved by us.

„I think this is in our Russian nature – we love those who are unhappy more.”

In a country not necessarily renowned for its animal welfare the feline’s fates are entirely reliant on charitable donations.

The cats may be forbidden from the actual gallery but there is a clear sense that their histories and futures will always intertwine.

Sursa: Sky News

04/01/2011 Posted by | DIVERTSMENT | , , , , , , , , , , , , | Lasă un comentariu

Cainii sunt mai inteligenti decat pisicile,spune un studiu recent al Universitatii Oxford. Dogs are „smarter than cats”.

Dogs are cleverer than cats because their friendly character has helped them develop bigger brains, a study set to end the argument between pet lovers has shown.  

Un studiu demarat de prestigioasa Universitate engleza Oxford, sustine ca cel mai bun prieten al omului este mai inteligent decat pisica. Rezultatul cercetarilor se doreste a fi un agument final care sa puna capat, odata pentru totdeuna, tachinarilor ironice si rivalitatii dintre iubitorii de caini si cei de pisici.

Inteligenta cainilor a evoluat in timp cu o rata mai mare decat cea a pisicilor. S-a crezut, pana nu demult, ca picicile sunt mai inteligente decat cainii, pe baza faptului ca nu au o viata sociala, nu au nevoie de atentia oamenilor si reusesc sa supravietuiasca singure.

Insa, cercetatorii au descoperit ca pisicile au creierul proportional mai mic decat al cainlor, tocmai datorita faptului ca acestea nu au o viata sociala atat de complexa precum a prietenilor latratori.

In premiera, cercetatorii britanici au contorizat istoria evolutionara a creierelor diferitelor grupe de mamifere, pe o perioada istorica de peste 60 milioane ani. Au descoperit, asadar, o legatura evidenta intre dimensiunea creierului proportional cu restul corpului si gradul vietii sociale a mamiferului in cauza.

A reiesit ca mamiferele cu cele mai mari creiere tind sa traiasca in grupuri sociale stabile in genul maimutelor, porcilor, delfinilor si cailor. La polul opus, s-au situat mamiferele solitare, precum felinele, rinocerii sau cervidele.

„Toti cainii se pricep de minune sa rezolve problemele aparute, ceea ce trimite cu gandul la legendara inteligenta a vulpilor, lupilor si sacalilor, stramosii directi ai cainilor de astazi”, susine Dr. Susanne Shultz, cercetator principal in cadrul studiului.

Dogs are cleverer than cats because their friendly character has helped them develop bigger brains, a study set to end the argument between pet lovers has shown.  researchers have discovered that cat?s brains are smaller because they are less social 

Researchers have discovered that cat’s brains are smaller because they are less social
Photo: REX

Dogs are ‘smarter than cats’

Dogs are cleverer than cats because their friendly character has helped them develop bigger brains, a study set to end the argument between pet lovers has shown.

The intelligence of “a man’s best friend” has evolved at a greater rate than the less social cat over millions of years, scientists at Oxford University have claimed.

It was often thought that the feline pet was smarter than its canine counterpart because it needed less attention but researchers have discovered that cat’s brains are smaller because they are less social.

For the first time scientists have charted the evolutionary history of the brain across different groups of mammals over 60 million years and identified huge variations in how their brains have changed. 

22 Nov 2010

They found that there was a link between the size of an animal’s brain in relation to the rest of its body and how socially active it was.

The study analysed available data on the brain and body size of over 500 species of living and fossilised mammals. The brains of monkeys grew the most over time followed by horses, dolphins, camels and dogs.

It found that groups of mammals with relatively bigger brains tended to live in stable social groups. The brains of more solitary mammals such as cats, deer and rhino, grew much more slowly during the same period.

Previous research had suggested that the growth rate of the brain relative to body size followed a general trend across all animal groups.

The study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences overturns this view, showing there is a wide variation in patterns of brain growth across different groups of mammals and not all of them have larger brains – suggesting social animals had to think more.

Dr Susanne Shultz, who led the research, said: “Dogs have always been regarded as the more social animals while cats like to get on with their own thing alone. But it appears that interaction is good for the brain and extends to other species, like ourselves.

“We are even more social than monkeys and apes and it is this ability to get on with each other that has helped us dominate the planet.

“This study overturns the long-held belief that brain size has increased across all mammals. Instead, groups of highly social species have undergone much more rapid increases than more solitary species.

“This suggests the co-operation and co-ordination needed for group living can be challenging and over time some mammals have evolved larger brains to be able to cope with the demands of socialising.”

Dr Shultz added: “All dogs are quite good at solving problems, which gives credence to the traditional image of the cunning fox which is a member of the same family. Dogs descended from wolves which appear to have the biggest brains as they live in large family groups.”

By The Telegraph

24/11/2010 Posted by | DIVERTSMENT | , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 comentarii


Ea este cea mai urata pisica din lume

Pisoiul in cauza a fost denumit Ugly Bat Boy de catre stapanul sau, medicul veterinar Stephen Basset din New Hampshire, Marea Britanie. In varsta de 8 ani, mica felina domestica a reusit sa smulga simpatia lumii intregi dupa ce imaginile sale au facut inconjurul planetei.

Ugly Bad Boy a deventi mascota cabinetului veterinar din Exter, New Hampshire, in mare parte datorita imaginii sale. Batranul motan a “chelit” la propriu, medicii veterinari nereusind sa diagnosticheze cu exactitate cauza afectiunii care l-a lasat fara blana pe aproape tot corpul cu exceptia gatului, pieptului si abdomenului, unde ciudatata felina prezinta o mantie stranie.

Multi dintre vizitatorii cabinetului medical se tem instinctual de el, consideradu-l fie o faptura a diavolului, fie un animal cu puteri hipnotizatoare.  In realitate Ugly Bad Boy este un pisoi afectuos si bland cu oricine. Pe cat il considera oamenii de urat, pe atat este de tandru si jucaus. In cei 8 ani de viata, motanul nostru nu a zgariat pe nimeni nici macar o singura data”, declara Christine Hartnett, medic veterinar in cadrul clincii din Exeter.

Sursa : Netorama

09/05/2010 Posted by | DIVERTSMENT | , , , , , | Lasă un comentariu

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