Cuvant despre noi, romanii




Oficiali ai Agenţiei Spatiale americane NASA, au confirmat ca se lucreaza la studii de fezabilitate pentru  a evalua   dacă astronauţii ar putea fi  trimisi pe Planeta Rosie, pentru a fonda colonii umane permanente.

Misiunea, este un proiect deosebit de ambitios al Centrului de cercetare Ames,unul din principalele centre de cercetare NASA , cu sediul în   Moffett Field, California.

Oficiali din cadrul  Advanced Research Projects Agency   (DARPA) apartinand de Pentagon  sunt, de asemenea, puternic implicati în transformarea acestei idei care pare  science-fiction in   realitate.

Acest proiect extrem de indraznet al NASA  vizeaza  infiintarea pe Marte a unor colonii umane.

Misiunea a fost botezata Hundred Years Starship si  are drept scop trimiterea pe  Marte sau pe satelitii sai a unor oameni care sa le colonizeze .

Costul   programului  – care e abia la inceput si se spera ca va fi finalizat in 2030 – a fost estimat la cca.11 miliarde USD (8 miliarde euro).

Oamenii de stiinta de la Centrul de Cercetare Ames, spera sa convinga si cativa dintre cei mai bogati oameni ai lumii, sa se implice in finantarea acestei misiuni.

Miliardarul Larry Page, co-fondator al Google, a fost deja solicitat  si s-a aratat interesat sa sprijine proiectul.

Va fi o misiune pentru temerari, calatoria va dura 9 luni, iar voluntarii care vor lua parte la ea vor trebui sa consimta la plece, stiind ca nu se vor mai intoarce niciodata pe Pamant.

Costurile readucerii lor pe planeta natala ar fi enorme, astfel ca  ca misiunea ar deveni imposibil de finantat.

Ei ar urma sa fie aprovizionati cu cele necesare pentru  intemeierea unor colonii care sa se auto-sustina, insa ar trai in conditii extrem de dificile, incluzand temperaturi sub zero grade si o atmosfera rarefiata.

Specialistii considera ca, in prima faza, patru  astronauti ar putea fonda o colonie  pe Marte, acesta fiind primul pas in stabilirea unei prezente permanente a oamenilor pe alte planete.

Fotografii transmise in 2003 de roverul trimis de NASA  pe Marte.

Iar pentru a incheia intr-o nota de mister,priviti mai jos o imagine trimisa de pe Marte si spuneti daca nu pare a fi o statuie cu forme umane …

Nasa unveils bold plans to send humans ‘one-way to Mars to colonise planet’

Humans could be sent one-way to Mars under ambitious plans being investigated by Nasa to permanently colonise other planets in space.

Space agency officials confirmed feasability studies were under way to asses whether astronauts could be permanently sent to the red planet, or its moons, to establish human colonies.

The multi-billion pound mission, titled Hundred Years Starship, is being spearheaded by the Ames Research Centre, one of Nasa’s main research centres, based in Moffett Field, California.

Officials from the Pentagon’s Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) are also heavily involved in turning the science fiction idea into a reality.

Early estimates put the cost of such a mission, which has “just started” at more than £7 billion and could be achieved by 2030.

Scientists have been given £600,000 government grant – including £100,000 from Nasa – to start research into the idea, according to US reports.

The world’s billionaire’s, including Larry Page, Google’s co-founder, have been asked to help fund the project.

Pete Worden, the Ames director, confirmed the plans to a conference in San Francisco at the weekend.

“You heard it here. We hope to inveigle some billionaires to form a Hundred Year Starship fund,” he told the Long Conversation event at the Contemporary Jewish Museum.

“The human space program is now really aimed at settling other worlds. Twenty years ago you had to whisper that in dark bars and get fired.

“Within a few years we will see the first true prototype of a spaceship that will take us between worlds.”

Such a space journey would take up to nine months with volunteers embarking on the mission knowing they would never return to earth.

This is because the cost of returning astronauts to earth would make the project prohibitively expensive. Supplies would be sent to make them self-sufficient.

Such a mission would be gruelling for humans with forbidding conditions including sub-zero temperatures and a thin atmosphere.

Mr Worden said Mr Page was keenly interested in the project.

“Larry asked me a couple weeks ago how much it would cost to send people one way to Mars and I told him $10 billion and his response was, ‘can you get it down to 1 or 2 billion’,” he said.

“So now we’re starting to get a little argument over the price.”

But he admitted that he did not know how such a mission would work in reality.

„How do you live in another world? I don’t have the slightest idea,” he said.

„If you’re a conservative, you worry about it killing us; if you’re a liberal, you worry about us killing it.

“I think things like synthetic biology have lot of potential for that. I think rather than make an environment on Mars like Earth, why don’t we modify life … including the human genome … so it’s better suited to [Mars]?”

A DARPA spokesman later confirmed details of the mission.

„A key element of the study is exploring models by which sustained co-investment by the private sector in these areas can be incentivised,” he said.

“The study is currently in the early formulation stage, but will be entirely open and unclassified, with more details forthcoming in early 2011.”

It comes as researchers claimed such a human mission was technologically feasible and was cheaper returning astronauts to earth.

Their new study, in the Journal of Cosmology, found the costs of safely returning a crew would eat up the majority of such a mission’s budget.

Dirk Schulze-Makuch, from Washington State University and Paul Davies, from Arizona State University, said four volunteer astronauts could undertake the first mission to permanently colonise Mars.

“A one-way human mission to Mars would not be a fixed duration project as in the Apollo program, but the first step in establishing a permanent human presence on the planet,” they said.

“There are many reasons why a human colony on Mars is a desirable goal, scientifically and politically.

“The strategy of one-way missions brings this goal within technological and financial feasibility.”

They added: “Nevertheless, to attain it would require not only major international co-operation but a return to the exploration spirit and risk-taking ethos of the great period of Earth exploration, from Columbus to Amundsen, but which has nowadays being replaced with a culture of safety and political correctness.”

Such a mission would come with natural “ethical considerations”, they admitted.

via  Telegraph Science

04/01/2011 Posted by | DIVERTSMENT | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 comentarii


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