CER SI PAMANT ROMANESC

Cuvant despre noi, romanii

GALERIE FOTO.NASA PLANUIESTE COLONIZAREA PLANETEI MARTE IN ANUL 2030 CU VOLUNTARI CARE SA CONSIMTA SA NU MAI REVINA PE PAMANT. Nasa unveils bold plans to send humans ‘one-way to Mars to colonise planet’

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Oficiali ai Agenţiei Spatiale americane NASA, au confirmat ca se lucreaza la studii de fezabilitate pentru  a evalua   dacă astronauţii ar putea fi  trimisi pe Planeta Rosie, pentru a fonda colonii umane permanente.

Misiunea, este un proiect deosebit de ambitios al Centrului de cercetare Ames,unul din principalele centre de cercetare NASA , cu sediul în   Moffett Field, California.

Oficiali din cadrul  Advanced Research Projects Agency   (DARPA) apartinand de Pentagon  sunt, de asemenea, puternic implicati în transformarea acestei idei care pare  science-fiction in   realitate.

Acest proiect extrem de indraznet al NASA  vizeaza  infiintarea pe Marte a unor colonii umane.

Misiunea a fost botezata Hundred Years Starship si  are drept scop trimiterea pe  Marte sau pe satelitii sai a unor oameni care sa le colonizeze .

Costul   programului  – care e abia la inceput si se spera ca va fi finalizat in 2030 – a fost estimat la cca.11 miliarde USD (8 miliarde euro).

Oamenii de stiinta de la Centrul de Cercetare Ames, spera sa convinga si cativa dintre cei mai bogati oameni ai lumii, sa se implice in finantarea acestei misiuni.

Miliardarul Larry Page, co-fondator al Google, a fost deja solicitat  si s-a aratat interesat sa sprijine proiectul.

Va fi o misiune pentru temerari, calatoria va dura 9 luni, iar voluntarii care vor lua parte la ea vor trebui sa consimta la plece, stiind ca nu se vor mai intoarce niciodata pe Pamant.

Costurile readucerii lor pe planeta natala ar fi enorme, astfel ca  ca misiunea ar deveni imposibil de finantat.

Ei ar urma sa fie aprovizionati cu cele necesare pentru  intemeierea unor colonii care sa se auto-sustina, insa ar trai in conditii extrem de dificile, incluzand temperaturi sub zero grade si o atmosfera rarefiata.

Specialistii considera ca, in prima faza, patru  astronauti ar putea fonda o colonie  pe Marte, acesta fiind primul pas in stabilirea unei prezente permanente a oamenilor pe alte planete.

Fotografii transmise in 2003 de roverul trimis de NASA  pe Marte.

Iar pentru a incheia intr-o nota de mister,priviti mai jos o imagine trimisa de pe Marte si spuneti daca nu pare a fi o statuie cu forme umane …

Nasa unveils bold plans to send humans ‘one-way to Mars to colonise planet’

Humans could be sent one-way to Mars under ambitious plans being investigated by Nasa to permanently colonise other planets in space.

Space agency officials confirmed feasability studies were under way to asses whether astronauts could be permanently sent to the red planet, or its moons, to establish human colonies.

The multi-billion pound mission, titled Hundred Years Starship, is being spearheaded by the Ames Research Centre, one of Nasa’s main research centres, based in Moffett Field, California.

Officials from the Pentagon’s Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) are also heavily involved in turning the science fiction idea into a reality.

Early estimates put the cost of such a mission, which has “just started” at more than £7 billion and could be achieved by 2030.

Scientists have been given £600,000 government grant – including £100,000 from Nasa – to start research into the idea, according to US reports.

The world’s billionaire’s, including Larry Page, Google’s co-founder, have been asked to help fund the project.

Pete Worden, the Ames director, confirmed the plans to a conference in San Francisco at the weekend.

“You heard it here. We hope to inveigle some billionaires to form a Hundred Year Starship fund,” he told the Long Conversation event at the Contemporary Jewish Museum.

“The human space program is now really aimed at settling other worlds. Twenty years ago you had to whisper that in dark bars and get fired.

“Within a few years we will see the first true prototype of a spaceship that will take us between worlds.”

Such a space journey would take up to nine months with volunteers embarking on the mission knowing they would never return to earth.

This is because the cost of returning astronauts to earth would make the project prohibitively expensive. Supplies would be sent to make them self-sufficient.

Such a mission would be gruelling for humans with forbidding conditions including sub-zero temperatures and a thin atmosphere.

Mr Worden said Mr Page was keenly interested in the project.

“Larry asked me a couple weeks ago how much it would cost to send people one way to Mars and I told him $10 billion and his response was, ‘can you get it down to 1 or 2 billion’,” he said.

“So now we’re starting to get a little argument over the price.”

But he admitted that he did not know how such a mission would work in reality.

„How do you live in another world? I don’t have the slightest idea,” he said.

„If you’re a conservative, you worry about it killing us; if you’re a liberal, you worry about us killing it.

“I think things like synthetic biology have lot of potential for that. I think rather than make an environment on Mars like Earth, why don’t we modify life … including the human genome … so it’s better suited to [Mars]?”

A DARPA spokesman later confirmed details of the mission.

„A key element of the study is exploring models by which sustained co-investment by the private sector in these areas can be incentivised,” he said.

“The study is currently in the early formulation stage, but will be entirely open and unclassified, with more details forthcoming in early 2011.”

It comes as researchers claimed such a human mission was technologically feasible and was cheaper returning astronauts to earth.

Their new study, in the Journal of Cosmology, found the costs of safely returning a crew would eat up the majority of such a mission’s budget.

Dirk Schulze-Makuch, from Washington State University and Paul Davies, from Arizona State University, said four volunteer astronauts could undertake the first mission to permanently colonise Mars.

“A one-way human mission to Mars would not be a fixed duration project as in the Apollo program, but the first step in establishing a permanent human presence on the planet,” they said.

“There are many reasons why a human colony on Mars is a desirable goal, scientifically and politically.

“The strategy of one-way missions brings this goal within technological and financial feasibility.”

They added: “Nevertheless, to attain it would require not only major international co-operation but a return to the exploration spirit and risk-taking ethos of the great period of Earth exploration, from Columbus to Amundsen, but which has nowadays being replaced with a culture of safety and political correctness.”

Such a mission would come with natural “ethical considerations”, they admitted.

via  Telegraph Science

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CELEBRELE PISICI ALE MUZEULUI ERMITAJ DIN St.PETERSBURG. Cats Guard Art At St Petersburg Museum

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Foto:0.tqn.com/d/cruises Hermitage

Muzeul Ermitaj, unul dintre cele mai mari din lume, a fost infiintat (ca o colectie de arta) de catre imparateasa Ecaterina cea Mare, in 1764, si deschis publicului in 1852. Patrimoniul sau cuprinde aproximativ 3 milioane de piese (antichitati, tablouri, sculpturi, bijuterii, arta decorativa), dintre care cca. 60.000 sunt expuse permanent, in 6 cladiri care alcatuiesc monumentalul complex muzeal.

Inca de pe vremea imparatesei Ecaterina cea Mare, subsolurile muzeului au fost populate cu pisici ,cu scopul de a combate inmultirea roztoarelor care puteau aduce mari daune operelor de arta.

Populatia de pisici traieste de secole in subsolurile muzeului, supravietuind tarismului , comunismului si acum capitalismului  rus.

In celebrul muzeu de arta din Sankt Petersburg traiesc acum cca. 50 de pisici.

Felinele au trăit în beciurile muzeului de secole.

Tatiana Danilova conduce un grup de credincioşi a căror sarcină este să se asigure intretinerea lor.

Ea insistă ei nu au nici o pisicuta favorita: „Atunci cand o pisica se îmbolnăveşte , atunci e acesta devine cea mai iubita de noi.

Cat at Hermitage Gallery, St Petersburg

O pisică a fost găsit de către constructori, grav rănit şi foame în frig.

El sta acum maiestuos în patul său- tron, raspunzand la numele de „Viconte”.

„Cred ca acest lucru este în natura noastră de rusi – iubim pe cei care sunt mai nefericiti.”

Astazi, cand deratizarea se face cu ajutorul substantelor toxice, pisicile muzeului nu prea mai au cu cine sa se lupte, dar continua sa se bucure de dragostea iubitorilor de animale  din oras si de ingrijire din partea personalului muzeului, intretinerea lor fiind asigurata exclusiv din donatii caritabile.

St Petersburg’s famous museum, known for the world’s most admired art collection, is also home to some surprising residents.

The splendid and revered Hermitage Gallery is a must-see for any tourist visiting the city.

Once the home of Catherine the Great, the museum has always been home to a great number of cats.

A lesser known fact is that felines have inhabited the cosy cellars for centuries – surviving Tsars and Communists.

Initially they were brought in to protect the masterpieces from being ravaged by vermin.

But now with poison to do that job the cats have a rather more relaxed lifestyle, safely removed from the cold and often hazardous city life.

If it was not for the Hermitage the 50 cats would be on the street and in consistently sub-zero temperatures, inhabiting your own palace is certainly the preferred choice.

One cat was found by builders, badly injured and starving in the freezing cold.

Felines have lived in the museum’s cellars for centuries

Tatiana Danilova leads a group of devotees whose job it is to ensure the moggies are kept in the lap of luxury.

She insists they have no favourites: „When a cat gets sick, especially seriously sick, it becomes the most loved by us.

„I think this is in our Russian nature – we love those who are unhappy more.”

In a country not necessarily renowned for its animal welfare the feline’s fates are entirely reliant on charitable donations.

The cats may be forbidden from the actual gallery but there is a clear sense that their histories and futures will always intertwine.

Sursa: Sky News

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