CER SI PAMANT ROMANESC

Cuvant despre noi, romanii

Declaratia Consulului general al Rusiei la Lvov: „Ucraina este un stat artificial, creat de Austria ,iar limba ucraineana a fost adusa de Armata Rosie”

https://i0.wp.com/www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/cia10/ukraine_sm_2010.gif

«Ucraina este un proiect austriac, iar limba ucraineană a fost adusă în Vestul Ucrainei de Armata Roşie». Declaraţia aparţine Consulului general al Rusiei la Lvov, Evgheni Guzeev, fiind adresată protestatarilor adunaţi în faţa Consulatului rus pentru a manifesta împotriva «teroarei anticaucaziene» din Rusia, scrie «meta.ua».

Oficialul rus a încercat să tempereze spiritele antiruse ale protestatarilor, făcând apel la raţiuni istorice. Potrivit lui, Ucraina este un proiect artificial. «Aici a fost Rusia, Rusia Galiţiană….Toţi vorbeau aici ruseşte, pentru că erau rusini. Proiectul Ucraina este o creaţie austriacă, pentru a vă rupe de la Rusia…Ne-au separat», le-a sugerat Guzeev celor adunaţi în faţa Consulatului, căutând să-i convingă să renunţe la proteste.

În ce priveşte limba ucraineană, Guzeev le-a declarat celor prezenţi că aceasta a fost adusă în «40 de către bolşevici. «La Lvov existau pe atunci două şcoli. Se chemau ruse, nu ucraineşti. Şi profesorii erau fie că austrieci, nemţi, evrei sau polonezi, numai nu ucraineni… Limba ucraineană a fost adusă de către Armata Roşie din Estul Ucrainei, ei au venit şi v-au zis că nu sunteţi rusini, ci ucraineni, ca să vă înstrăineze de Rusia», a specificat Guzeev.

«Meta.ua» precizează că acţiunea de protest a fost organizată de «Rezistenţa autonomă» de la Lvov. Comentând caracterul protestelor, oficialul rus a declarat că acestea au întrunit elemente «naţionaliste zombate».

Sursa:Ziarul de Garda md.

21/12/2010 Posted by | PRESA INTERNATIONALA | , , , , , , , , , | Lasă un comentariu

YEMENUL POATE DEVENI PRIMA TARA COMPLET LIPSITA DE APA.Yemen could become first nation to run out of water

sahara-z.jpg

Criza ecologica generata de schimbarile din natura care conduc la  disparitia apei, ca  urmare a incalzirii globale si fenomenelor climatice extreme, a inceput sa afecteze din ce in ce mai mult viata oamenilor in diferite regiuni ale globului.

Si inca victime la nivelul tarilor.Specialistii avertizeaza ca in viitorul apropiat, Yemenul va deveni prima tara din lume care va ramane fara surse proprii de apa si ca vor urma si alte state…

Populatia acestei tari  arabe, este in mmarea ei majoritate dependenta de aprovizionarea cu camioane cisterna pazite de garzi inarmate pana in dinti. Apa de baut a devenit o raritate , iar apa pentru spalat este un lux pe care nu si-l mai permit, in prezent, decat oamenii foarte bogati. 

Yemenul devine prima tara din lume care ramane fara nicio sursa de apa. Cauzele sunt multiple si rezida, in principal, in schimbarile climatice care au dus la permanentizarea secetei in regiune, cresterea demografica fara precedent, razboiul civil care se poarta intre trei factiuni rivale peste care se suprapun adesea conflicte tribale. Ca si cum asta nu ar fi de ajuns, situatia este agravata de secarea ultimului izvor din tara.

Conform estimarilor specialistilor, aceasta stare de fapt va duce la mari migratii de oameni si la conflicte sociale extreme. Cantitatea de apa care-i revine anual fiecarui cetatean yemenit este de doar 100-200 metri cubi, in timp ce minimul international al consumului de apa / an este de circa 1.000 de metri cubi de persoana.

Yemen could become first nation to run out of water

 

One type of vehicle is always within sight on Yemen’s roads: the water truck.

The brightly coloured, dilapidated tankers, often driven by Kalashnikov-wielding tribesmen, travel winding mountain roads and cross deserts to bring Yemenis a commodity more precious than petrol. It is one that increasingly only the rich can afford, with supply through the water mains regularly cut off. Others must rely on scarce rain, charity or crime to stave off thirst.

Yemen is set to be the first country in the world to run out of water, providing a taste of the conflict and mass movement of populations that may spread across the world if population growth outstrips natural resources.

Government and experts agree that the capital, Sanaa, has about ten years at current rates before its wells run dry but the city of two million continues to grow as people are forced to leave other areas because of water shortages.

In Yemen, which is fighting three insurgencies, the battle lines of tribal wars have traditionally followed the lines of the wadis, desert valleys that become rivers when the rare rains fall. Amid one of the world’s highest rates of population growth — 3.46 per cent last year — the water shortage has become critical and is driving civil unrest.

Hannan, an 18-year-old mother of one from Lahej, near Aden, said that only the comparatively well-off could plan for cuts in supply. “In a good week we’ll have a water supply all week but then the following week there will be water only for a day or two,” she said.

She and her husband, a factory worker, pay 3,000 riyals (£9) for a week’s supply of water from a touring water truck when the taps run dry. With an income of only 20,000 riyals (£60) per month, this means the family often spend half their income on water.

“There are a lot of people who can’t afford it and they have to rely on their neighbours to help,” she said.

Her neighbour, Anisa, 40, said: “When the water goes, it’s a sign of trouble in the community.”

Water available across Yemen amounts to 100 to 200 cubic metres per person per year, far below the international water poverty line of 1,000 cubic metres.

Groundwater reserves are being used faster than they can replenish themselves, especially in the Sanaa basin, where water once found 20 metres below the surface is now 200 metres deep, and despite the rainwater tanks on the roofs of most houses.

In desperation some citizens have dug unlicensed wells, compounding the problem. In Taiz, in the south, tapwater is available only once every 45 days. In the mountainous Malhan district in the north, women and children climb a 1,500m mountain to collect water from a spring, often in the small hours to avoid long queues.

Hosny Khordagui, director of the water governance programme in Arab states at the United Nations Development Programme, said: “If they do not find a solution we will see people encroaching on big cities, the formation of slums, a rise in crime, venereal disease, violence, even fanaticism. Fanatics will find very fertile ground to recruit and develop their infrastructure.”

Yemeni citizens have lived on scarce water supplies for thousands of years but the problem has been exacerbated by widespread production of the local drug of choice, qat, which consumes up to 40 per cent of water. About 70 per cent of Yemeni men chew the leaves each day, and bushy qat trees are often the only spots of green in the dry landscape.

The Deputy Planning Minister, Hisham Sharaf, admitted: “We have a water shortage which reflects itself in fighting between the people . . . If we continue spending this much water on qat Sanaa has ten to fifteen years.”

The Government is considering a desalination plant for seawater, but this is an expensive solution and may come too late. The only other option is to cut down on the agriculture industry, importing even more food.

via The Times

21/12/2010 Posted by | PRESA INTERNATIONALA | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Lasă un comentariu

Femeia care nu stie ce este frica. Woman who cannot feel fear may help in treating PTSD

Spider

Doamnelor,nu va speriati,e doar un paianjen !

O femeie care nu poate simti frica din cauza unei structuri cerebrale inexistente  în creierul sau, ar putea ajuta oamenii de stiinta sa  descopere  tratamentul tulburarilor de stres post-traumatic (PTSD).

O cercetare publicata în revista Current Biology ,a arătat ca acea femeie nu a  simţit nici o teamă într-o varietate de situaţii  înfricoşătoare, care includeau expunerea la şerpi şi păianjeni uriasi , vizionarea unor filme de groază şi o plimbare printr-o „casa bantuita”.

Femeia simte alte emoţii, dar spune ca nu a avut niciodată simtamantul  fricii.

Ea este primul caz cunoscut al unei persoane care este imuna la  frica.

Cercetatorii din cadrul Universitatii din Iowa sunt de parere ca incapacitatea femeii de a simti frica, se datoareaza lipsei din creierul sau a unei structuri specifice, denumita in limbaj stiintific Amygdala.

Dupa parerea specialistilor, simpla supravietuire a acestei femei este un adevarat miracol, deoarece ea nu poseda abilitatea de a simti, si de a identifica si evita pericolele care o inconjoara, astfel incat se protejeaza de acestea doar rational.

Cercetatorii de la Universitatea  Iowa, din Iowa City, au observat şi înregistrat răspunsurile femeii în situaţii care ar face majoritatea oamenilor se simta frica.

Ea a privit o serie de filme horror,s-a dus intr- o casa bantuita si intr-un  magazin de animale de companie exotice  unde s-a jucat cu  şerpi pericul si  şi a cerut să se ocupe de o tarantula.

Pentru ca nu  a arătat nici o teamă, a trebuit să fie împiedicata să atingă tarantula din cauza riscului ridicat de a fi muscata.

Când a fost întrebată de ce ea a vrut să atingă ceva care stie este periculoasă, ea a răspuns că ea a fost depăşită cu curiozitate.

Cercetătorul Justin Feinstein a spus: „Este  remarcabil că ea este încă în viaţă.”

Oamenii de stiinta  spera ca prin studierea comportamentului acestei femei sa  poata înţelege modul în care  frica este perceputa de creier.

Acest lucru ar putea fi util în tratarea pacienţilor care suferă de PTSD – cum ar fi soldaţii din zonele de conflict.

Cercetatorii spera sa puna la punct  tratamente  selective pentru diverse  zone ale  creierului care sa poate permite tratarea fricii.

Woman who cannot feel fear may help in treating PTSD

A woman who cannot feel afraid because of a missing structure in her brain could help scientists discover treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Research published in Current Biology showed the woman felt no fear in a variety of scary situations.

These included exposure to snakes and spiders, horror films and a „haunted house”.

The woman feels other emotions but said as an adult, she had never felt afraid.

She is the first known case of someone who is unable to process fear.

Researchers at the University of Iowa said her inability to feel frightened was because she is missing a structure in her brain called the amygdala.

The structure has long been associated with emotional learning – experiments in animals have shown that removing it makes them fearless.

However, it has never been observed in a human before.

Tarantula risk

The woman experienced fear as a child and knows that some situations should be frightening.

As an adult she has been in various frightening situations, including being threatened with a knife and held at gunpoint

These did not make her afraid.

Researchers at the University of Iowa, in Iowa City, observed and recorded the woman’s responses in situations that would make most people feel fear.

She watched a series of horror films, went to a reputedly haunted house and to an exotic pet store – where she handled dangerous snakes and asked to handle a tarantula.

She showed no fear in any of the situations and had to be prevented from touching the tarantula because of the high risk of being bitten.

When asked why she wanted to touch something that she knows is dangerous, she replied that she was overcome with curiosity.

Lead researcher Justin Feinstein said: „Because she is missing her amygdala, she is also missing the ability to detect and avoid danger in the world.

„It is quite remarkable that she is still alive.”

Adam Perkins, a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London who specialises in researching the causal basis of anxiety and fear looked at the research.

He said the study was interesting because it suggested the amygdala is the neural seat of fear – and specifically responsible for generating feelings of fear, rather than emotions in general.

The researchers hope that by studying the woman they can understand how the brain processes fear.

This could be useful in treating patients suffering from PTSD – such as soldiers who have been serving in conflict areas.

Mr Feinstein added: „Their lives are marred by fear and they are often-times unable to even leave their home due to the ever-present feeling of danger.”

By studying the woman, researchers hope to create treatments that selectively target the brain areas that can sometimes allow fear to take over.

Sursa: BBC News

21/12/2010 Posted by | DIVERTSMENT | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Lasă un comentariu

%d blogeri au apreciat: